Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Nontraditional Teaching In Missouri

Sculptors 19th century

As promised, doing so these few steps in the cemetery of Pere Lachaise ... attentive to the charm of these works are most representative of the sculptors of the 19th century and early finishing 20th.

In 1813, the death of Alexander Brongniart, architect Pere-Lachaise (and Exchange) provides the opportunity for his son to decorate his grave several sculptures while the latter, as regarding his drawings of the chapel Greffulhe , neo-Gothic style was very fashionable at the time, echoing the parish churches where burials were prohibited since 1776, in 1810 ,
that the tomb of Delille few weeks before his disappearance, had favored a funerary architecture announcing the grandiose but still devoid of carvings.
This chapel became the model for countless funeral chapels, first in France and beyond our borders, then with sculpture.

The Menier family, among others. Emile Justin Menier for (1826-1881), Industrial, chocolatier and philanthropist, architect Henri Aubert Joseph Parent (1819-1895) realizes in 1887 adorned with four statues representing " Trade, Labour, the Industry and Charity ", and a marble bust by Francis Gilbert (1816-1891) who participated in the decoration of the Palais Longchamp (griffins 1868) in Marseille.

The bronze statue of the archaeologist Vivant Denon (1747-1825), Director General of Museums in charge of organizing the Louvre, for Cartellier (1757 -1831),
the tomb of Marshal Suchet (1770-1826) designed in the shape of square stela by the architect Visconti , decorated with bas-reliefs at the ancient and a bust by David d'Angers (1788-1856)

are two illustrations of the first tombs prestigious combining architecture and sculpture.
Fashion promotes the multiplication of chapels mourners, who are far from the stereotypes ... look at those agreed family Hautoy

Antoine etex (1808-1888) carved (1854) a very moving Whining draped in front of a prison cell, marble (Div. 18). It Henrietta Adelaide Raspail, wife of Francis Vincent Raspail (1794-1878), reaching out as if to say goodbye to her husband through the grating of the prison. Chemist and opposition politician, he participated in the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 and was imprisoned twice for various causes.
There are so many other ... a real issue, risking one day soon!

From Clésinger Jean-Baptiste (1814-1883), for the monument Frederic Chopin (1810-1849), if this desperate "Euterpe," Muse of Music, white marble (Div.11). (Go see the same Auguste Clésinger the " Woman bitten by a snake ," which scandalized the Salon de1847, the Musée d'Orsay ...)

From romantic Antoine-Auguste Préault (1809-1879), a beautiful medallion stone "Silence" (1842) carved in high relief on the tomb of a certain Jacob Robles, in the 7th Division, (formerly Jewish cemetery separated from the rest the cemetery by a wall which can still see remnants).

Another medallion, " Pain" (1873), discreet for the Family Morin-Chalon (Ernest Morin) (Div 61),

and Louis Desnoyers, writer (1802-1868), is represented in a bronze medallion (1869) (Div 55), subscription of " society of men of letters. "
(Au Jardin du Luxembourg is a " Isaure Florence" by Préault , remarkable, and much less ... sorry).

From academic Barrias Louis Ernest (1841-1905), " Architecture" (1893) on the grave of Antoine Gaetan Guérinot , architect, sad and languid ...

Both Geniuses bronze at the tomb of Thomas Couture (1815-1879) (Div. 4), painter, are due to Louis-Ernest Barrias , his bronze bust was created by Tony Christmas (1845-1909), author allegorical group of Music on the facade of the Grand Palais.

For Anatole de la Forge (1821-1892) (Div. 66), a life size statue, moving, erected by national subscription Oct. 8 1893. "In Memory of Anatole De La Forge, the valiant defender of San Quentin, the true defender of democracy" War of 1870.
Originally his right hand was armed with a sword disappeared during the 1999 storm.

Aimé Millet (1819-1891), author of Apollo's lyre raising that crowns the gable of the Opera of Paris offers a Frederick Dorian (1814-1873), (Div. 70) Master Forge in the Loire and Minister of Public Works in the Government of National Defence (September 1870-February 1871), relied on the attributes of his office.

Close , the composition of two impressive women due to bronze sculptor Léopold Morice (1846 -1920), for Mrs. Moris (1802-1875) (Div 70) "Goodbye Mother" ...

And Aimé-Jules Dalou (1838 - 1902) ...
Victor Black, the young journalist murdered Auguste Blanqui, the thinker, polemicist, heroic revolutionary agitator and defender of the proletariat, and Aimé-Jules Dalou, the artist committed Republican and supportive of the Communards .
These 3 is crossed January 12, 1870, at the funeral Yvonne Salmon, said Victor Black, followed in Paris by a hundred thousand people, including Eugene Varlin Louise Michel ... They give rise to violent demonstrations led by Auguste Blanqui against the imperial regime of Napoleon III.
early 1881, shortly after his return from exile, Dalou receives the command of a monument to Blanqui died shortly before. The remains of Victor Noir is transferred to Pere Lachaise, in the months that follow. It will carry two recumbent figures paid by national subscriptions.

Lying Augustus Blanqui (1805-1881) in 1885 , "a non-Marxist socialists of his time ..." (Div .91)
Discreet, no epitaph, carved by the body shroud laid upon him, his right hand dropped at his feet with a crown of thorns wild ... face is the reproduction of death mask.

Lying Victor Black (1848-1870) in 1891 (Div 92).
Purpose of a strange cult and ambiguous that reveals the fantasies of the living ...
Who would remember if Victor Black Dalou
... At the edge of the driveway, his body is still warm. It is a handsome young man full of force sleeping in the sun, one sleep! Where is the impact of the ball? This carving realistic and devoid of ornament, is powerful and rayon, it disturbs!

Two masterpieces, certainly!
Dalou is also the author of this elegant "Republic" (with its attributes, Phrygian cap, bundles ...) at the foot of the monument erected in honor of Charles Thomas Floquet (1828-1896 ), Deputy Republican Paris, companion Gambetta, President of the Council between 1888 and 1889, which wounded the General Boulanger in a duel. (Div. 66). Bust too.

Chapel Salvage Faverolles (Div. 48) where is Mrs. Salvage Faverolles (1785-1854) is decorated with two mourners attributed to Jules Dalou (early work, about 1865) and bas-reliefs of Vital Dubray (Gabriel-Vital Dubray 1813 -1892)

His daughter, Charlotte Dubray ( 1855-1931), his student, also a sculptor and wife of the painter Albert Besnard carry out this very strange tomb, that of Georges Rodenbach (1855-Christmas 1898) (Div.15).
Georges Rodenbach, Symbolist poet Belgian, lives in Paris since 1887, the Brussels correspondent of the Journal he befriended Alphonse Daudet, Marcel Proust, who have great admiration for him, Stephane Mallarme, Auguste Rodin.

On the bronze bust (1889) the tomb of Charles Jean Marie Degeorge (1837-1888), first Grand Prix de Rome in 1866, sculptor and engraver of medals, you can read "Saint-Marceaux with his friend"
elected president in January 1895, Felix Faure (1841-1899) is represented , lying, lying beneath the folds of a flag by René de Saint-Marceaux ( 1845-1915), Dumas the author of Son of the Place du General - Catroux (75017)

Paul-Albert Bartholome (1848-1928) is buried under lying to a modern Henri Bouchard (1875-1960) reminiscent of medieval effigies. (Div. 4)

Paul-Albert Bartholome is the author of the superb and terrible War Memorial began in 1889 - Monument Official purchased by the City of Paris at Paris Little Champ de Mars in 1895 and installed in the cemetery of Père-Lachaise, in front of his lying. It is the sculptor of pain and weeping women, who was a friend of Edgar Degas.

The inauguration had to wait until 1899, having minds prudes outraged by the nudity. It serves as a pediment at the cemetery and ossuary is about fifteen men and women dying, overwhelmed by despair, fear, or otherwise completely resigned, penetrating the darkness of the tomb.
is pathetic and classic at the same time, no pathos, tenderness, emotion severe, unequivocal beauty and splendor sorry!


Charlotte Lardin de Musset, sister of the poet Alfred de Musset (1810-1857), whose bust adorns the white marble tomb nearby, is shown seated, life-size in a chair, as visiting by Francois Sicard (1862-1934), author of a monumental group that is at the Pantheon

Edmond About (1828-1885) , writer, journalist and art critic, author of "The Man with the broken ear" is shown seated on his grave. It is a bronze statue, life size, by Gustave Crauk (1827-1905), Prix de Rome in sculpture in 1851.
Just twist, Edmond About had enjoyed in his commentary on the exhibition of 1857 where he presented a group of bronze.

Woman kneeling which sits atop the tomb of sober Paul Dubois (1829-1905) (Div.9) is just the wife of the sculptor, which he represented in the prime of life. Born in Nogent-sur-Seine in 1829, a friend of Alfred Boucher, he rose to fame during his lifetime. It is then one of the sculptors and painters favorite of Parisian society.

Beclard Philippe Leon (1820-1864), Minister Plenipotentiary and Minister of Finance of the Emperor Napoleon III. It rests on an important monument, decorated with a depiction of "pain " bronze, due to the scissors Gustave Crauck . (Div 4).

It Paul Dubois who made the bust of Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828-1886) academic painter (Div.4).
allegorical statues, of "Fame" are Antonin Mercie (1854-1916). At the turn of 1870, it embodies the young generation of French sculptors who wishes to give, in the heart of a classical education, a more vibrant expression to their figures.

Antonin Mercie adorned the tomb of Jules Michelet (1798-1874), historian, author, among other things, a "History of France (1833-1846)" and a "History of the French Revolution (1847-1853), a large bas -relief in marble symbolizing " History." (Div. 52)

"Genius of Immortality," high-relief marble is the work of Henri-Michel-Antoine Chapu (1833-1891 ) the monument Jean Reynaud (1806-1863) philosopher, author of "Heaven and Earth", a work suffused with a liberalism that is both mystical and humanitarian. The medallion is David d'Angers. (Div.72).
Works by Henri Chapu also adorn many buildings in Paris, including the Hotel de Ville, the Opera, the Palais de Justice and the Gare du Nord. Part of its production and in particular its Joan of Arc in Domremy was published in bronze by Barbedienne home.

On the tomb of the founder Ferdinand Barbedienne (1810-1892) (Div. 53) Figure his bronze bust (The marble bust was unveiled at 1882), by Chapu .
The three allegorical statues, life size, "Inspiration," "The Work", "Little Butcher" are bronze Alfred Boucher (1850-1934). French sculptor, he produced many works of classical style. He is a friend and colleague of Paul Dubois also Nogentais first master of Camille Claudel and creator of "Beehive in Paris, where are Modigliani, Chagall, Soutine and many others ....
"It was the flagship of the Canal Saint-Martin, the huge red brick chimney belching a thick plume of black smoke materialized by far the foundry art bronze sculptor Ferdinand Barbedienne (1810-1892).
Today nothing hints at the enormous activity of his workshops at 63 rue de Lancry, only remain to testify to the existence in this place where the crucible out since 1841 some of the most beautiful works of art in bronze of the 19th century, a plush post-Haussmann building marked in the pediment of the seal and indicating Barbedienne "Leblanc-Barbedienne foundry, 1838-1895".

A granite pyramid (architect Etienne), tomb of Augustus Bourdeau (1851-1894 ) defender of secularism, a philosophy professor, politician and minister several times between 1881 and 1894), is the bronze bust of Alfred Boucher .
front of the pyramid a young daughter, bronze, symbolizing "posterity" (1901).

Marqueste Laurent-Honoré (1848-1920), Prix de Rome in 1871, sculptor of the statue of Etienne Marcel in City Hall, made for Alexander Falguière ( 1831-1900) a large high-relief marble adorning his tomb, " Inspiration." (Div.4).

The memorial Jacques-Eugene Spuller , journalist and politician (1835-1896) was sculpted by Paul Jean-Baptiste Gasq, (1860 - 1944), first prize of Rome in 1890 " Education" (Div.65)

Charles Joshua Chaplin To (1825-1891), painter and engraver, painter of feminine elegance, Denys Puech (1854-1942) that performs many official commissions during the Third Republic, decorated with a bas-relief in marble stele of stone: a naked girl, standing back holding in his hands the palette and brushes of the artist looking toward the medallion Carved (Div.52)

CRESPIN Camille du Gast (1868-1942) (Div.36), "the intrepid Amazon" and the extreme sports, lies in the family burial beneath a beautiful monument features the bust of Crespin du Gast and two women seated, bronze, by Etienne Leroux (1836-1906), whom we owe the St. Denis gate of the impasse Saint-Eustache

Eclecticism of funerary art of this period do not escape ...
Art Nouveau did not give a lot of really important work in this area.

At the entrance (exit?) Pere-Lachaise cemetery, the grave- Legru Lhenoret with these two women bronze, media chain and beautiful windings of the stele, calls the visitor. She is still so little legible signature Rouillière . This sculptor is best known for being the ornemantiste several buildings Xavier Schoellkopf (1869-1911), brilliant architect of the new art in Paris.

The grave of Ernest Caillat (1899) did "something" the old metro entrances in Paris. Normally, its author is none other than the architect Hector Guimard (1867-1942) ! No doubt! Designed in 1899, it belongs to the brilliantly creative period that followed the completion of the Castel Beranger.
No characters in mourning nor weeping, nor angels or flowers. It's kind of big wave of granite, animated by a subtle interplay of purely ornamental lines. A highly stylized bronze cross "flows" above the main inscription, forming bold swirls.

So, full circle ... back to the Metro station !
Did I share my taste for a pleated bronze or marble and extravagant virtuoso?

plan, "as usual".
The (Div. 12) in the text, indicates where the monument concerned, specifically the division, 12 for example.
plans are available free to the "preservation".


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