Monday, November 1, 2010

Bloated Belly In A Toddler

Pere Lachaise Pere Lachaise - funerary art of the 19th century contemporary

Where can admire many of the most beautiful sculptures of the 19th century (second half) and early 20th centuries, the most extravagant, too?

In the streets, squares and gardens indeed ... This period has produced a profusion of sculpture "Institutional", funded by public money, for political reasons, educational even propaganda ... but what else?
Of the buildings, which were installed willingly caryatids or Atlantis.
in churches, yes, yes of all time!

Cemeteries of course!
portraits and funerary sculptures were the daily resource for sculptors of this era ... the most creative and famous have sacrificed.
this period of "sound", it was also willing to paint his portrait by an artist and sculptor even in death, it was seemly to adorn his tomb (that of his family), to "show" and to showcase and value for posterity ...
Pere Lachaise is a cemetery (subject to classification as historical monuments since June 24, 1993), we all know .. . Shrine for some, memories for others, "fetishism" itself, too ... walking
It offers lush landscaping works (and dead) it hosts.
You do not escape the Pere Lachaise is now one of the most beautiful parks in the capital, certainly the largest (44 hectares). Shaded over 5000 trees, mostly maples, ash, cedar and chestnut trees plus some sycamores, black locust, beech, linden, acacia, Sophora, walnut ...

The romance of certain spaces the tumultuous terrain and there is palpable ...

Maybe a cat (black?) He will flee at your approach ...
Ravens you hear that you like it or not!
A dog? A dog's head only in the pocket of a man ... weird, weird!
It Louis Marie Moris (1808-1900) (Div. 41). Moris Agatha's tomb is guarded by a man who is holding a hammer, a pair of gloves and hiding under a lapel of his coat ... a dog's head without a body! A
Agathe Moris
"I was born in 1808. My dear aunt, extreme poverty, brought me up took me until his death in 1825. Ombre expensive, top of the eternal light I think recognizing your nephew. "

The owl in broad daylight ...
or pelican pity.
Jubilation aesthetics ... sometimes surprised!
From the gatehouse, Boulevard de Menilmontant high in 1825 by the neoclassical architect Etienne-Hippolyte Godde (1781-1869), architect city of Paris from 1813 to 1830, we clearly see that this place we will book and chills surprises ...
We wander in a lush palette monuments, funerary chapels more or less decorated, mourners
and angels on the front ,

that hide windows,

signed "Matt 1890" ,

gothic ... or other

An open chapel with a steeple topped Russian Orthodox . Inside, a marble group protected by very thick glass. (Div.48) is Princess Dolgoruky, Zinaida, born Viscountess Chatiloff (1817-1883), inherited a large fortune, used in some collections of art and jewelry.
of simple headstones, lying or standing (stelae), stone or marble carved
Barrel Jean Pierre (1824-1873), landscape architect, head gardener for the City of Paris. Stele "flowery" and bronze bust of the sculptor Choiselat (Div. 69)
busts, medallions, figures life-size, standing, sitting or recumbent stone or bronze, (them I'll show you in the following publication ...)
obelisks, columns, tombs "classical"

fireplace lighthouse ... (!)
's Tomb Beaujour Felix (1765-1836) Italian-pyramid-shaped chimney flagship the highest monument of Father Lachaise (20m) (div.48) by Lassalle & Rousseau (1899) on a roundabout under Brongniart
Dolmen that Cardec Allan (1804-1869 ), Spiritualist (Div. 44),
a tower of rubble topped by " Consciousness slaying Vice and Injustice " by Simonin and Consuelo Fould (Div.70)
... even a cave (Marie Genevieve Gamarchon (Div 2) 1902)
and many others?

For Mr. Thiers, Adolphe (1797-1877) (Div. 55), historian and political a colossal chapel, erected by national subscription, which sculptures are signed and Mercie Chapu .
After Sedan and the fall of the empire, returned to the political scene, he signed the peace with Prussia, fiercely repressed the Commune
( The Wall Federated the father Lachaise retains infamous)
and became the first president of the 3rd Republic in 1871.
symbol of victory of the bourgeois republic the Social Republic, his tomb was plastic during the centenary of the Commune.

The cemetery chapel, adjoining , was built in 1823 by architect Etienne-Hippolyte Godde (1781-1869) on the site of the former home of the Jesuits .

All these architectural works more or less inspired and imaginative, some quite famous, some unknown or forgotten ... certainly true curiosities! Not often in the simple and austere, sometimes in true excess, no doubt!
Far from the grim, flat marble tombstone gray, cold and soulless so common today ...

The busts or medallions usually represent the human (sometimes women) his lifetime!
A rare female busts, that of Cambaceres Delphine, daughter suspected the Duke of Morny, who died in 1868 (Div. 47) by the sculptor Amedeo Bordeaux Jouandot (1833-1884).
David d'Angers (1788-1856), sculptor fruitful, has committed numerous busts or medallions at Pere Lachaise, including the Honore de Balzac (1799-1850) (div.48) the writer of "human comedy"
or Ledru-Rollin (1807-1874) (div.39), left-wing politician, Minister of Interior in the Provisional Government in February 1848
and many others.
activities or major actions, the reason for living of a person are often posted by allegories so dear to the 19th century. The incongruity is not missing!
Sergeant Ignatius Hoff (1836-1902), national hero of the War of 1870 is represented by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi (1834-1904) (Div. 4), it is useless to you submit, is not it? His tomb is a free concession by decree dated August 20, 1902.
Robertson said Robert Stephens (1763-1837), painter, physicist, balloonist persevering (59 ascents), brilliant inventor, also a bit mystifying for the Directoire.Il did not invent, contrary to what we read too often, the parachute, but perfected.
On his monument (Div. 19), probably made during his lifetime, two bas-reliefs whose " ascension of a balloon " sculptor Francis Hardouin , sculptor and ornamentalist Hittorff collaborator (1792-1867) architect of the city of Paris.

Some artists have their own monument.
Carriès Jean (1855-1894), potter who revived the art of porcelain enamel and the Petit Palais which retains many achievements, has represented himself, holding in his hand left, the statue of French Gentleman.
In some tombs, the deceased's works are cited or reproduced.
On the front of the monument Louis Visconti (1791-1853), architect of the new Louvre and Napoleon's tomb at Les Invalides, is a bas-relief bronze Louvre. He is shown lying in a half, perched on his sarcophagus, a marble statue, signed Leharivel Victor (1816-1878).
On the base of the tomb of Theodore Gericault (1791-1824), considered the first Romantic painter, three bas-reliefs reproduce the major works of the painter in the Louvre: The Raft of the Medusa, Hunter horse loading and Trooper injured. (Div. 12).
His tomb, first executed in marble (1840) was then rebuilt in bronze (1884) by the same sculptor, Etex Antoine (1808-1888), author of two reliefs of Arc de Triomphe. Bronze semi lying on his tomb, brush and palette in hand, watching the passing ...
Gericault miserably buried, will be transferred within two decades after his death with a subscription launched by Delacroix: "Subscribers of all colors, people who encourage the arts, made a tomb for Gericault! ".

The monuments are a tribute to a master, a man admired for whatever reason ... or a friend!

Some monuments erected through subscriptions (monument of Adolphe Thiers, the effigies of Blanqui and Victor Black) alongside family vaults ...
Brothers Dantan, Antoine Laurent (1798-1878), said Elder, academic sculptor, and Jean Pierre (1800-1869), cartoonist, sculptor (number of his works at the Carnavalet Museum) have decorated around 1860, the family tomb (medallions Dantan Father and Dantan by Anthony Young Ms. Lawrence and medallions Dantan and Dantan the elder by Jean-Pierre).
This monument (Div.4) is somewhat overgrown, owls, bats, animals alive at night suggestive of death, a frieze of poppy seeds (a symbol of rest), utensils sculptor whose mallets and ... two mourners and two angels.

Beclard Pierre Auguste (1785-1825) physician and anatomist, and his son Jules Auguste Beclard (1818-1887) lie beneath a monument (Division 8) raised by family, students , friends and colleagues . The two bronze busts are Theophile Bra Francois Marcel (1797-1863) sculptor romantic personality uncompromising and complex spirituality.
Cemeteries are a good reflection of society and its evolution, rather correct.
Emotion, ours may arise from a simple text engraved
a ticket for Auguste Blanqui ...

of a flower,
Andre Gill (1840-1885) cartoonist and editor of the Eclipse, which disappears in 1876 and La Lune Rousse (1876-1879), targets Adolphe Thiers, in September 1871. His bust by Laura mustachioed Coutan (1855-1914), placed almost on the ground ... Finally a woman sculptor! But time cartoon ends with the disease of their writer who disappear in the psychiatric hospital.
a stone and a "bug" (is not Champollion)
Jean-Francois Champollion 1790-1832 , Egyptologist at the origin of the decipherment of hieroglyphics (div.18) lies in Pere Lachaise under an obelisk
a potato and yes, Mr. Parmentier!
Antoine Augustin Parmentier (1737-1813) was an agronomist, nutritionist and French officer, who wrote a famous paper on the potato. (Div. 39),

delicately raised or painful posture of a "weeper"
... sometimes it's the smile that blossoms ...

A final word to the crematorium and columbarium of Père Lachaise enrolled in context, to the late 19th century, the movement of secularization and secularization of society in all spheres, including that of the funeral.

Crematorium and most importantly, the columbarium of neo-Byzantine , took a pediment which professed libertarian values and Masonic. The peristyle encloses a rectangular cloister at two levels of galleries. The complex, which creation begins in 1886, was completed in 1908 . Jean Camille Formigé (1845-1926) is the architect. He is the author of the big greenhouse in the garden greenhouses of Auteuil, participated in the landscaping of the Paris metro and decorated viaduct Austerlitz.

And sculptors? Where are they?


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